As IDPs continue to experience the adverse effects of armed violence and climate shocks, their attempts to secure sustainable living arrangements are being challenged by threats of eviction. This dynamic not only impacts on livelihoods and the ability for parents to provide for their families, but also on both physical and mental health amid a whole host of other protection challenges. For this reason, NRC continues to advocate and work with municipal authorities and local administrations to find appropriate solutions to eviction, while negotiating with landlords to provide sufficient notice whether residents hold formal tenure agreements or not. On 16 November 2020, private landlords in Ex-Waberi issued evictions notices to an estimated 170 households. Although landlords can rightly issue such notices under appropriate circumstances, residents in Ex-Waberi were provided with only three days’ notice – far below adequate notice by any measure. As in most cases, this situation has left them vulnerable to a range of protection risks. Moreover, threats of violence (specifically, the use of a bulldozer) have been reported by those who did not leave within the stated timeframe. Affected individuals are already vulnerable, given their status as IDPs or as members of the host community living below the poverty line. For the former, this reflects the continuous struggle they face in securing land tenure agreements; especially given that some affected individuals had previously been evicted from elsewhere too. Indeed, of those who have been displaced during this current disruption, some households moved to Jawle while others are more scattered within 1.5km of the settlement. Some households have joined existing camps with no tenure agreements. These challenges have an impact on individuals in various ways. For instance, most individuals in Ex-Waberi rely on casual work to sustain household income. In being forced to find alternative land, however, these people have therefore been (and will be) unable to work and provide for their families. Over and above the need for new land or improved alternative living arrangements, people also lack food, water, and shelter. Women and children have been adversely affected too; with female headed-households in particular struggling as they find themselves without additional support. Children have been unable to return to school because it is now too far from their new settlement, or because schools in their new area refuse to admit new students at this point. Protection concerns Local NGO Kaalo has provided water to affected individual, while. NRC is also working with the local government to provide alternative land for displaced communities and mediate with landlords to find more appropriate solutions. These joint efforts have thus far been unsuccessful, but are nonetheless important given the consequences of unemployment and gender-based violence.

Want to know more? Contact: Ali Saleban Jama -

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